Neuroconnectics – (definition)
(Daniel-Philippe de Sudres et al.,Neuroconnectics: postulates for a new academic discipline / neuroscience of neural connections generating attentive awareness, Editions universitaires européennes, Saarbrücken, 2011)
Neuroconnectics belongs to the epistemological structure of natural sciences studying neurons, especially their functioning and connecting aspects (cognitive neurosciences).
More precisely, neuroconnectics belongs to the epistemic field of neuroscientific disciplines with a connectionnist cognitivist character as it tackles the interactions between neurons taken as sub-units of brain cognitives neural modules which can function either separately from one another or in collaboration with each other.
In our societies, where each of us usually ignores what the human being is, understood from the perspective of neurophysiology or neuropsychology – as we live at the mercy of neural modules functioning separately due to their “specialisation” – this new discipline intends to weave a link. Neuroconnectics proposes to teach how to connect these modules with each other (i.e. our reflections, emotions, sensations…), enabling us to better live individually and socially.
In general we believe we do think, we are actually convinced of it since we always say “I think that …” for example. Nevertheless the reality is very different: thoughts are elaborated in our brains without us, without asking for our permission. Proofs of this are our absurd contradictions, our lapsus linguae, our Freudian slips (“actes manqués”), our “I don’t feel it anymore” or “I forgot it”, and other such irrational lacks of coordination between what our mouth or our script say or write and what acts they turn into – or not; these schizoïd brain processes increase with age.
In the same way we believe than our motivations and our actions are decided by ourselves in relation to our thinking. But the multiple inconsistencies between them prove that these processes work differently: “it” in us thinks alone, “it” in us becomes emotional by itself, “it” in us perceives or acts automatically, without any sort of coordination.
Neuroconnectics1 is therefore a discipline within the field of connectionnist cognitive neurosciences and can be defined as an experimental neuroscience of neuronal connections that can generate an attentive self-awareness.
Indeed, through theoretical study, exploration, and experimental research, neuroconnectics intends to connect different neuronal networks (groups of neurons, neurons and membranous tissues) which are not connected otherwise.
This “weaving connection” can help in:
treating organic (and psychic) dysfunctions
exploring existing neurofunctions from unusual, sometimes unknown and unsuspected aspects
discovering new ways of neurofunctioning (parallel neuronal ways, developed in complementary / supplementary to usual functional neural ways)
favouring the apparition of neurofunctionalities (or neurofunctions)
stabilizing these new neurofunctionalities at synaptic level.
From a procedural perspective, neuroconnectics puts into relation what perceives and acts (perception and action), what feels and stirs (reception and production of emotions, i.e. emotion and motivation), and what “thinks” (reception / processing of ideas = reflection, and production / creation of ideas = cognition) in our being (in terms of internal communication) with our environment: the “world” of objects, the “world” of beings, and the “world” of ideas (in terms of external communication).
For instance: we experience a momentary emotion or eureka moment. It is very possible that we never experience such delicious emotion or extremely intelligent thought again.
Nevertheless, if we know how to study in vivo (i.e. to self-observe and to self-experiment in an integrative way) the pre-representations of concepts occuring in us at the very moment they are being built (centiseconds and then miliseconds),
also, if we know how to study in vivo (i.e. to self-observe and to self-experiment in an integrative way) the emotions occuring in us right at the very moment they are being built (centiseconds and then miliseconds),
this incoming “emotivational” process in us that we usually call “emotion” and this outgoing intellectual process that we usually call “cognition” will become accessible and repeatable in our mind.
They will not occur to us accidentally anymore, but rather we will be producing them intentionally and deliberately.
To put it more simply and shortly, one can say that by dealing exclusively with decisional neurophysiologic and neuropsychologic processes (via their brain localisation), neuroconnectics targets the links which explain and enable those functions in the human being that give him the following aptitudes:
to act not only as a reaction to external events but also in relation to internal objectives,
to be a unitary and autonomous acting subject2”, seemingly anyway, asa “living machine” able (at stage I of wakefulness, or stage 6 of neuroawareness), in a very wide programmation, to self-maintain the illusion of decisional action freedom3.
On a neuropsychological and even psychological level, neuroconnectics enables the so-called “reverse/other way around forgetting” or “reminiscent self-remembering4”. The “reminiscent self-remembering” is inherent to our neuronal functioning at stage 7 of neuroawareness or stage II of wakefulness and to the following even more lucid stages.
Without this “reminiscent self-remembering” (which is the way we are when we neurofunction “normally” according to a neuronal functioning at stage 6 of neuroawareness or stage I of wakefulness, i.e. our ordinary “wakefulness” …), we act in fact according to a strange operating cerebral neuroway: we often find ourselves walking in the street or being joyfull, anxious, or angry… while the last recollection of ourselves in this moment was sitting down quietly, peacefully in a chair, somewhere.
Everything works in us without our self: our legs seem to move without our permission (and even without informing us about it) only by force of habit, automatically, and without ourself; or we were feeling at peace when an emotion took possession of us or a thought came to our mind and “forced” us to act … without ourselves, without our consent.
Between sitting down and walking in the street, or between feeling at peace and being angry, we ignore what happened as we were not there, only some neuronal modules were there without our self, without being connected with one another thus allowing the emergence of a consciousness able to coordinate everything, which is what neuroconnectics offers.
In our ordinary existence, one can notice that there is no “pilot in the plane”.
On the contrary, in an existence in which we learn to reconfigure our assemblies of neurons it is possible for a self-referential network of self-identification (an “I” as psychologists would call it) to appear out of these neuroconnections, and this will enable us to pilot our “neurosystems” (sensory, moving, emotional, intellectual…), and consequently to pilot our existence.
Neuroconnectics enables us for this self-piloting.
(Translation realized by Magda and edited by Aubry with final correcting by Amaury)
1 Here we talk about the so-called “human” neuroconnectics, as two other versions of this discipline are in project about nanotechnological applications and genetic accelerations which will be realized in the decades to come.
2 Etienne Koechlin, “Architecture of executive functions of the prefrontal cortex: approach through the theory of information” (see our bibliography) who, in this respect, wrote to the author: “ it is very important in my eyes: it is about the role of the lateral prefrontal cortex: to make our internal aims and our actions in the real environment correspond or vice-versa”.
3 The research in neuroconnectics put into light the existence in Homo sapiens of two stages of cerebral functioning within the general stage of awareness called “wakefulness”: a stage of “normal” (or “orthodoxal”) cerebral functioning composed of a single wakeful stage (the one we every day call our “wakefulness” after waking up from our “stage of sleep”); this “normal stage” can be followed – if we train ourselves correspondingly – by a stage of “paradoxical” cerebral functioning composed of other four stages of wakefulness. All this is abundantly explained in the pages of this book. As it is largely demonstrated in it, at stage I (or stage 6…) of wakefulness we have the illusion of being able and free to decide. In reality, different neuronal programs in our mind decide of all neuronal applications without even consulting us: our “I”, so important for our psychologists, is only an epiphenomenon that nature does not care for/of: for nature, there is not an “I”. Nevertheless another form of awareness which exists for nature (biochemistry, neurobiology…) can arise and participate to our neuroprogrammings, and can even reorient them or generate new functions in our brain. This is the domain of exploration of the new discipline called neuroconnectics.
4 This is largely explained in the book.
Copyright : Daniel-Philippe de Sudres pour la création du texte, Serge Lescaroux, Aubry Moret et al. pour sa discussion, rédaction définitive, présentation et diffusion internautique. Dépôt légal 1er trimestre 2016. Loi du 11 mars 1957. Art. L122-415 et L335-2 du code de la propriété intellectuelle.